Burn marks caused by any reason damage the general appearance and affect the person psychologically. In particular, burn marks on visible parts of the body such as hands, arms and face damage social life and cause self-confidence problems.

Aesthetic interventions to treat burns and burn scars provide both permanent closure of these scars and healing of wounds. Thus, it aims to eliminate the existing psychological problems of the individual and to eliminate the problems experienced in social life.

The treatment of burns that both spoil the appearance and damage the organ functions is done within the scope of reconstructive aesthetic procedures.

How Is Burn Treatment Taken?

Burn treatment; The degree of the burn varies according to its dimensions and the area of ​​​​the body. With a treatment that will be started immediately after the occurrence of the burn, the level of burn marks that will appear in the next period can be kept to a minimum. In addition, aesthetic interventions after scar formation are especially effective in lightening deep and large-scale burn scars. In the treatment of burn scars, which differ according to the experience of the physician and the condition of the burn, a plan is followed depending on the period of the trauma.

Acute treatment applied immediately after the burn trauma aims to minimize the burn damage and focuses on increasing the regeneration process in the tissues. Various skin ointments, creams and pain relievers are used in this process. Aesthetic interventions are of great importance in the treatment of burns without leaving any traces and with minimal damage. For this reason, the risk of burn scar formation can be reduced with a fast and effective treatment initiated immediately after the trauma.

Early Stage Burn Treatment

The treatment of burns that both spoil the appearance and damage the organ functions is done within the scope of reconstructive aesthetic procedures. Although the intervention to be applied varies according to the degree of the case and the region, it is usually much more effective in the early stage. Immediately after the burn trauma, the burned area is cooled, the patient is peeled off and a general evaluation of the burn is made. Then the tissues in the burned area are cleaned and it is ensured that the area does not become infected.

The most appropriate dressing is applied to the burn in order to restore the burned area and destroy the scars as much as possible. Wound hygiene is then maintained to minimize damage and the dressing is changed regularly. The type of medicine and pomade used in burn dressings may vary depending on the type of burn.

Late Stage Burn Treatment

Plastic surgery methods should be applied in order to remove burn scars that have previously burned and caused tissue loss. Many parameters such as the existing skin deformation size, scar area and skin quality are decisive in the treatment of burns.

Graft Technique

Generally, in late period burn scars, skin samples are taken from the tissues adjacent to the wound or from other parts of the body and patched on the scar. This process is called “graft”. The graft method is especially used in the treatment of advanced burn scars that go deep and cause intense tissue damage on the skin. During the procedure, the parts taken from the properly structured parts of the body are patched on the scar and sewn with the help of thin sutures. In this way, tissue damage in the area is hidden with another piece of skin, and the indented structure is removed. The stitches used during grafting are aesthetic stitches and become vague after a while, so they do not cause discomfort to the person.

Laser Therapy

Laser therapy is a reconstructive method with high success, especially in the treatment of light-sized burn scars. Thanks to this application, the red and pink appearance caused by the burn is removed and the wound color becomes close to the normal skin color. The indented image formed on late-stage burns can also be corrected with laser therapy. In the laser technique, the top layer of the skin is sanded, thus creating an appearance that is equivalent to the normal skin structure in terms of both color and texture. The laser method, which is frequently used in the treatment of non-deep burns, can be continued for several sessions according to the needs of the person. Factors such as the size of the burn, the effect of the treatment and the degree of the burn are among the parameters that cause the treatment results to be variable.

Balloon Technique

Balloon therapy, also known as “tissue expansion”, is a technique applied under the intact skin next to the damaged burned skin. During this procedure, an incision is made next to the damaged tissue and a balloon made of a special material is placed under the healthy skin tissue. The balloon is deflated during the first insertion and is inflated by slowly injecting salt water into it in the following period. The inflated balloon provides further expansion of the intact skin, and the desired expansion in the tissue is achieved in approximately 1-2 months. After this stage, the damaged burn tissue is removed with a second operation and the tissue expanded by the balloon is shifted onto the removed part. At the end of the procedure, the indented and damaged structure caused by the burn is treated.

There are many different aesthetic interventions applied for the treatment of burn scars. These interventions are determined according to different criteria such as the degree of the burn, its depth and the region where it is located. In order to carry out the most appropriate reconstructive study for the individual, first of all, a specialist physician should be consulted and a case-specific evaluation should be made.

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